When you visit an optometrist for an optical exam near Orlando , she checks many factors that can influence the health of your eyes and how well you can see. After your exam, your eye doctor may inform you that you suffer from a refractive error. The following are examples of common types of these vision problems:
One common refractive error that your eye doctor might diagnose you with is called astigmatism. This problem develops when the eye doesn’t focus light evenly onto the light-sensitive tissue located at the back of the eye, called the retina. Astigmatism can cause what the person sees to be distorted or blurry. In the case of this and other refractive errors, having a parent with this condition increases the likelihood of you suffering from it as well.
Often referred to as farsightedness, hyperopia is a commonly occurring refractive error that causes people to see objects at a distance clearly, while those up close tend to be blurry. People can experience hyperopia in several ways. For example, an individual who has this refractive error may have blurry vision both near and far, and others may have no symptoms of this condition until they are older in age.
Sometimes thought of as the opposite of hyperopia, the refractive error called myopia occurs when a person can see close objects clearly but has difficulty seeing distant objects. This happens because light coming into the eye focuses in front of rather than on the retina. Myopia is among the most common refractive errors that are diagnosed during eye tests.
For some individuals, their eyes lose the ability to focus on near objects as they age. Referred to as presbyopia, this type of refractive error is common and affects most adults over the age of 35, to some degree. This age-related condition occurs when the eye’s lens loses its ability to change its shape as much as necessary to properly focus on close objects.
While managing your eye health is important throughout your lifetime, it becomes even more so as you age. Knowing what to do to take care of your eyes and when to visit your eye doctor near Orlando can help you continue to take care of your vision.
Having Regular Eye Exams
Later in life, your vision becomes more vulnerable to a number of conditions. For this reason, it’s essential to visit your eye doctor regularly if you want to take good care of your eyes. There are several eye diseases that you may be at risk for, and that may not have many or any early symptoms. When your eye doctor can diagnose these conditions in the initial stages of their development, there may be things that you can do to preserve your vision. To catch problems early, keep up with annual dilated eye exams performed by an eye care professional.
Using Protective Eyewear
It is common for people to think of summer as the only time when sunglasses are necessary, but it’s essential to protect your eyes from ultraviolet rays year-round. When your eyes get too much sunlight, this can have a detrimental effect on your vision. Even on cloudy days, it’s possible for your cornea to get sunburned from too much sun exposure. To help protect your eyes, wear sunglasses that block 100% of both UVA and UVB rays. If you find carrying sunglasses to be a hassle, then consider photochromic lenses, which automatically darken in the sun, if you already wear eyeglasses.
Noticing Vision Changes
While annual dilated eye exams can help catch the presence of eye diseases, it is possible for serious symptoms to develop between your appointments. If you experience any of the following issues, visit your eye doctor right away:
- Redness or swelling of the eyelid or eye
- Eye pain
- Double vision
- Flashes of light in your vision
- Sudden loss of vision
- Sudden blurry vision
As an optometrist serving Orlando knows, seniors have special needs when it comes to eye care. By taking just a few proactive steps, you can keep your eyes healthy at any age.
The first step in taking care of your eyes involves discussing any concerns directly with your optometrist. Seniors are at a heightened risk for dry eyes, glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, and macular degeneration. Due to declining vision, seniors are also more likely to need reading glasses to see clearly up close. If you experience any eye discomfort or pain, make sure to schedule an eye exam as soon as possible. Your eye doctor will check your eyes for disease and address any changes in your vision. You should also make sure to wear polarized sunglasses whenever you are outdoors to protect your eyes from harmful UV rays. Always wear reading glasses as prescribed and avoid reading in poor lighting whenever possible. If you experience any vision problems or have difficulty seeing color, make sure to let your eye doctor know. You can also ask your optometrist for a special prescription if you suffer from persistent dry eyes.